Archive for the ‘development’ Category

What does the new Miami-Dade County mayor have in common with growers in Redland? They have the UDB, or Urban Development Boundary — a line in the county’s master plan designed to limit development from encroaching on precious farmland. Read this excellent article in the Miami Herald which lays out where Carlos Gimenez and Julio Robaina stand on this sensitive issue. Then don’t forget to vote in the runoff election on June 28!

Mayor will have key role on holding line on development

The new mayor of Miami-Dade County will be more important than ever when it comes to holding the line on building outside the Urban Development Boundary, following state changes recently signed into law by Gov. Rick Scott.

By Matthew Haggman


When it comes to moving the Urban Development Boundary, the power of Miami-Dade County government, and its soon-to-be new mayor, has never been greater.

For more than three decades, the UDB — the line that keeps growth from encroaching west and south into fragile agricultural lands and wetlands — has been a critical curb on sprawling large-scale development from encroaching on the doorstep of the Everglades. But recent changes by the Republican-controlled Legislature that were signed into law by Gov. Rick Scott have severely limited state oversight of planning decisions by city and county governments — such as moving the UDB. State planners previously served as a check on such efforts and could stand in the way of decisions to move the line, but now can only provide non-binding comments in most cases.

Read more: http://www.miamiherald.com/2011/06/15/2268668/mayor-will-have-key-role-on-holding.html

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For a generation, a sharp and sometimes controversial line has contained Miami-Dade’s explosive urban growth like a gasket, largely insulating the county’s fragile agricultural hinterlands, surviving wetlands and two national parks from subdivisions and commercial-strip development. Now the days of holding the line on the Urban Development Boundary — the focus of some of the fiercest local battles over growth and the environment — may be drawing to an end.Measures approved by the Florida Legislature with little scrutiny or debate in the waning moments of this year’s session would dismantle the state oversight that has acted as the principal brake on repeated efforts by the county commission to breach the line for new development.The measures, almost sure to be signed by business-friendly Gov. Rick Scott, would significantly water down the state’s 25-year-old growth-management system, giving counties and municipalities far greater freedom to amend the local comprehensive development plans that are meant to control suburban sprawl. The UDB, which runs along the inside of the county’s western and southern edges as well as its southeastern coastal fringe, is a key feature of Miami-Dade’s comp plan. Development outside the line is limited, in most areas, to one dwelling per five acres.

Read more: http://www.miamiherald.com/2011/05/22/2226826/state-dismantles-growth-management.html

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Katie Edwards

MW: How to keep the land in agriculture? The farmer thinks that the land was your bank, that’s your retirement fund.

KE: I’d rather see us focus, before we start looking out, start looking in and focus more on reinvestment. Even in the city of Homestead there are things that we can be doing for energized growth. I think, you take the lazy approach and say Ok you know what, I don’t like what I drew on that piece of paper, scratch, give me a new one. That’s the mentality. It’s so much easier.

MW: So you’re saying the urban sprawl is not economically viable any more?

KE: I don’t think it ever was. I don’t think it ever was. I don’t think it makes sense to build up out of there. I don’t think we should vilify farmers for the predicament that they’re in. I don’t think that they created it That’s the plot in life God gave them, is they’ve got land that has to be planted, and they’ve got to be able to take out money to sell their crops, to buy their seed, their inputs, their fuel at the beginning of the season, and what do they do, they go to the bank. Pre-NAFTA they were making money and they didn’t have these issues. And all of sudden, it’s like everything happened. We convert row crop land to nurseries, and we end up that there are 1200 nurseries in Miami-Dade County, that’s too many. And then what happens? We’ve got water restrictions and people aren’t buying plants. And then we have a recession and housing market, there’s nothing to landscape. People would rather pay off bills rather than landscape or re-sod their homes. Most of the nurseries are on small parcels. They can’t put a subdivision in there. So what do the growers do? They are abandoning, they’re walking away from their properties saying I can’t make it, sorry. That’s the problem. Drive around Redland and see how many nurseries there are with for sale signs up, vacant ground covering those lands there. They can’t afford to maintain them. That’s the problem I’ve encountered.

MW: How does Farm Bureau speak for the small guy? Or is Farm Bureau only for the big guys?

KE: I’ve got quite a lot of small growers [as members]. A lot of these guys are new farmers, some are generational growers, but some are completely new to the business. We’re just trying to find ways trying to make everyone happy, because in my industry the people that I represent are so diverse, ethnically, gender-wise, age, income and what they grow. You’re going to have some issues that collectively we all agree on, but everyone needs a different type of help and assistance. What my big farmers need help with are immigration issues, so most of their issues are federal. With the smaller farmers need mostly are county, they want help with their certificate of occupancy at farmers markets, they want help with ag assessment, they want help marketing, they want help making inroads talking with chefs.

MW: In other communities you have farmers communicating with chefs. Food writers are writing about eating local food. Would be great if more restaurants sourced locally.

KE: Absolutely! You help promote, you do incentives, you provide more awareness and recognition like for programs like Redland Raised. And the farmers have the chance to be entrepreneurs, to adapt and to be creative. Because if we’re going to be adaptive in the industry and keep looking for new and emerging markets, we can’t have the state, or most oftentimes the county saying, no you can’t do this. With the winery for example, I helped Peter Schnebly with the winery ordinance. Originally, that was illegal. And all the residents in the Redland were fighting against it saying it will be disruptive, it’s not going to do anything for us, and now they all love it. And that was the whole thing, trying to find a way to get creative. You have to have common sense. You have to give growers enough flexibility to be able to be entrepreneurs, to be creative and to stay in business.

MW: What issues come up at fundraisers?

KE: Each population has its issues. The issues in Sweetwater aren’t the same as the issues in Homestead or the Redland. And you talk and you learn. Part of what I do is try to bring people together, find commonalities, and then figure, where we can compromise and where can we get stuff done.

One of the biggest issues in West Kendall is dealing with the homeowners associations. With the huge rate of foreclosures and trying to strike a balance between the rights of the condo association, the rights of the homeowner, the rights of the bank that actually has title when someone has to walk away from the mortgage. How do you look at it as a human being, but what does the law say? You can’t keep asking private citizens to bear more of the brunt of the economic crisis when it comes to the HOAs and the foreclosures.

The other issue that’s important to me is property tax reform. It’s very expensive to be a homeowner in Miami-Dade County. When I began doing comparisons online, looking at the Miami-Dade Property Appraisers website, I saw the complete inequities in what we’re paying but we’re all sharing the same services. Let’s say I pay 2 thousand dollars a year in property taxes, my neighbor next door pays less because they bought their home in 1998, that to me is not fair. We’ve got to figure out something holistically that provides people an opportunity to share in government services that’s not based on some fictitious value, which is to me all these fair market values are, it’s just whatever the market is. I’m willing to put it out there and tell people we’ve got to have a serious conversation on how to fix this and make it at least equitable and fair for all of Floridians.

When I come back from Tallahassee I’m still going to go in to the Royal Palm Diner, and I’m still gonna have to face these people who are going to grill me and say, why did you sell out, why did you do this? I want to be able to still be Katie and still be a member of this community and have my name in good standing. I don’t understand how anybody could ever lose sight of the fact that they are going up there not for themselves but for other people. And these people, they’re giving you their vote, which is the most powerful thing they could ever give you. If someone says, I can’t give you a donation, I say that’s fine, what I really need is your vote. The money is great but it can only go so far, though. When people come to you and they say, when you get elected I want you to help me work on these projects, I’m like, absolutely. You have to give them an open door, you have to be accessible.

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Several months ago, I had the chance to interview Katie Edwards. She is running for State Representative, District 119, and is currently the executive director of Farm Bureau. Katie is quite familiar with issues that affect growers in South Dade; and since I blog about growers, our interview focused on agricultural issues.

I have not contacted or interviewed her opponents Frank Artiles, Nestor A. Iglesias, and Graziella Renee Denny. I did  look at their web sites to see where they stand on the issues. Iglesias doesn’t have one. Denny’s web site is completely blank. And Artiles is concerned about the economy, jobs, property tax issues, education, healthcare — everything under the sun except local ag! Do any of these candidates know where their food comes from? Do they care about who grows their food? It appears that only Katie does.

Don’t forget to vote on Tuesday November 2nd!

MW: What does Farm Bureau do?

KE: Farm Bureau is a membership organization. We have about 4 thousand members,  about 2100 who are actively engaged in farm production. All of the vegetable farmers are FB members. About 80 percent of the nursery growers are Farm Bureau members. Most of the tropical fruit growers I represent, apiaries or beekeepers, and aquaculture. That would be everything from koi and Everglades ciclid to the Everglades alligator farms. So what we do represent in terms of membership is incredibly diverse. Most of our membership lives here in South Miami-Dade County.

MW: Tell me about your job with Farm Bureau.

KE: I’ve worked with Farm Bureau  for about seven years now, and I reach out to politicians and like to get them down here so that they can fully appreciate the impact of their decisions. I want them to remember the nursery growers and farmers down in Homestead, and to think about those family farmers when they vote on a bill.

One thing very important to Farm Bureau and to me is helping educate policy makers so that there is an appreciation for agriculture, the state’s leading industry, and also for them to recognize that within their own county we’re the ones producing the food. So you have to look at it very holistically and reach out to the people outside of our borders.

MW: There’s been a lot in the local media about the freeze. How have you been putting a face to the farmer, and what kind of feedback have you gotten?

Katie Edwards

KE: When people think about a freeze and agriculture, people think, how is this going to impact the price of orange juice? Consumers don’t realize the amount of capital that the grower already has in the ground from the very moment that seed is sown. You’ve got your land rent, you’ve got your labor expenses, so when a freeze comes and wipes out and devastates your crop, you still have expenses that you can’t recover and pass along.

Sometimes it’s a race against time because every season you’re getting essentially a four-month window to make make enough money to cover your expenses, and then maybe offset money that you lost last year. And the last couple of seasons we’ve had a very difficult time trying to keep up with fertilizer and fuel expenses.

The other thing is going forward, this freeze helps us remember how important American agriculture is. If we don’t have a safe domestic food supply that can produce for all of us during the winter months, then we’re dependent on foreign countries.

MW: Are there any subsidies for growers here in Florida?

KE: The subsidies are for primarily commodities. Just so you understand, the stuff we grow here is not subsidized. So 97 percent of what Florida produces is not subsidized, maybe some peanuts and a little bit of tobacco and some cotton in the Panhandle, which accounts for 3 percent. But everything that we grow down here are not commodities. Like the old saying, we’re price takers not price makers.

MW: What’s your position on the UDB?

KE: When I go downtown and speak [before the county commission], I choose my battles carefully and I choose them wisely, because if I’m always going downtown against something, you lose credibility very quickly. I’ve seen that happen to people in this area. But with the UDB, we’re not one of the organizations that’s out there in bed with the developers saying we want to have more projects. I mean the Parkland project scares us, because if I lose 900 acres of agricultural land, that’s the chink in the chain. It’s like, you can get one, it can go right after that. And what about the property rights of the guy — we all have property rights — what about the property rights of the guy next to him? Doesn’t he have the right to keep farming without being a nuisance to homeowners and all the ancillary issues that goes along with that? He made an investment, he wants to continue farming. I have to protect his rights too.

I think we can all agree that we want to have agriculture in Southwest Miami-Dade County. I don’t think there’s anybody that says, I don’t want agriculture here. And if they do, I’d be very surprised. But I think a common goal — and I like to look at the commonalities — we all want to have agriculture here in Miami-Dade. So I look at it and say ok, take the UDB issue off the table, and let’s spend our time, our resources, our capital, talking about what we can all do to help make sure that farmers aren’t forced to make the difficult decision to then have to sell to the developer. That’s the whole crux of the problem.

Tell me what you’re doing to help the local farmers. I want to do my own reality TV show and call it Do You Want To Be A Farmer, and invite all these people to come down here. I’m going to say to them, you go to the bank, you go to farm credit, take out a loan for 10 million dollars, I want to see you make a buck. They wouldn’t know what end was up and even how to turn a damn tractor! I’ve said that for years, that’s what I’m up against. I’m losing farmers to foreign competition and you guys aren’t helping the farmers out.

(To be continued)

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Anderson’s Corner doesn’t look like it will last much longer. It’s depressing to drive by there and see it all ramshackle and rickety, instead of restored and vibrant. I doubt if the current owners, who are struggling with upkeep, will be able to hold on much longer if they are going to get fined $500 a day. This might be the tipping point. Anybody out there with deep pockets who would like to help save this property?

The word was that the new bed and breakfast ordinance, which was drafted this summer with input from area growers, has gone to the county commission for a vote — but it has been pushed back and pushed back on the calendar. No telling when it will come up for a vote. It was supposed to in October, then in November. A yes from the commission will allow growers to add commercial kitchens and farm stands, and to legally to make and sell value-added agricultural products — jams, cheese, dried fruit, pickles and the like — in addition to the bed and breakfast provision. This new ordinance will essentially promote agritourism, which will allow the farmers to stay in business.

Anderson’s Corner, as photographed by Tim Chapman of the Miami Herald.

Redland’s Anderson’s Corner store at center of historic preservation battle

Miami-Dade officials have cracked down on the owners of the vacant, 100-year-old Anderson’s Corner general store in the Redland to prevent `demolition by neglect.’


The Anderson’s Corner general store, a modest, two-story wood-frame building on a corner in the rural Redland, doesn’t look like much. The white paint is peeling, porches sag, shattered windows are boarded up, and the Dade County pine siding is badly splintered where a hit-and-run motorist took out a chunk of wall last month.Yet the long-vacant country store, built around 1911 by a Redland pioneer, is one of Miami-Dade’s oldest and most resonant buildings — and also one of its most endangered.

And now it’s a test case in a county effort to boost enforcement of an ordinance meant to save historically designated buildings from what is happening to Anderson’s Corner, a phenomenon commonly described by preservationists as “demolition by neglect.”

“It’s sad to see these things happening, especially to a building that important,” said Kathleen Kauffman, Miami-Dade’s historic preservation officer. “And we don’t have that many wood-frame buildings left, period.”

Kauffman has cited the property’s longtime owners, Brian Simmons and his wife, Jessica Olsen, for failure to maintain a designated historic building. If the owners don’t make repairs sufficient to halt its deterioration, they will be fined $500 a day until the deficiencies are corrected.

Recently, the owners organized a cleanup, removing accumulated trash from the property and resealing boarded-up windows that had been forced open.

But Simmons said that he and his wife, small local farmers, lack the resources to do extensive repairs. They had planned a full renovation when they purchased it in 1997 but were unable to secure financing, he said. They have since had constant trouble keeping up with maintenance because vandals or homeless people regularly break in and damage the old building, Simmons said.

“It’s a money pit,” he said. “If I had the money, that place would be shining. It’s a piece of history, I know that. It makes us sick to know the condition it’s in. But my resources are tight.”

Subrata Basu, Miami-Dade’s assistant planning and zoning director, said he sympathizes with the owners’ difficulties but noted that they knew they were purchasing a protected building 12 years ago.

“It’s the owners’ responsibility to maintain the property — not just a historic property, but any property,” Basu said. “But it becomes a different issue when it’s a historic building.”


County ordinances bar demolition or exterior alterations of buildings designated as historic. To address cases where owners allow historic buildings to slide into ruin — either deliberately or because of inability to properly maintain them — the ordinance gives the preservation officer the power to levy the $500-a-day fine.

But the ordinance had not been enforced, in part because the small office of three people lacked the resources to do so, Kauffman and Basu said. When the planning and zoning department last year absorbed the office, formerly housed at the county’s cultural affairs department, Basu had zoning inspectors undergo training to enforce the rules.

Complaints from neighbors over the worsening condition of Anderson’s Corner triggered the citation, the first under the new policy.

“I really resent that place falling apart,” said Peter Hoffman, one of the complainants, who lives catty-cornered from the old country store in an even older wood-frame building — the area’s original two-story 1904 schoolhouse, which is immaculately maintained.

“Locals and tourists knock the windows out,” he said. “They just kick those things out and they go in the building. It’s falling apart. The front porch is going to be in the street before the summer. And I’m worried about someone starting a fire.”


The store was the center of a settlement built by the first pioneers to claim homesteads in what was then, at the turn of the last century, a hardscrabble wilderness. Built by William Anderson, who worked for railroad magnate Henry Flagler, it provided living quarters for his family and served as a general store for what became a thriving farming community.

Editor and historian Howard Kleinberg called it “South Dade’s historic centerpiece.”

Designated a historic building by the county in 1981, Anderson’s Corner is part of a larger district made up of other surviving structures from the period, including the old schoolhouse. Anderson’s Corner is also on the National Register of Historic Places.

In the early 1990s, tropical fruit grower Joan Green and chef Mario Martinez transformed the old general store into a well-reviewed gourmet restaurant that used local produce in its dishes. It was just starting to gain popularity when Hurricane Andrew in 1992 took the building’s roof off and knocked the second story askew, putting an end to Anderson’s Corner’s brief-lived second incarnation.

The building has been vacant ever since.

Armed with $750,000 in grants, Green and Martinez gutted the building and began what was meant to be a complete restoration. Steel columns were installed to support the structure and a new roof put on. But the two had a falling-out amid what Green says were endless bureaucratic obstacles and financial disagreements.

The county pulled a $250,000 grant and, after lengthy litigation, the partners ended their involvement by selling to Simmons and Olsen, Green said, calling it “one of the greatest disappointments I have had in my life.”

“They had some idea about what they wanted to do there, but quite frankly it didn’t make any sense, economic or otherwise,” Green said in an e-mail from the Caribbean, where she now lives aboard a catamaran. “I have felt like crying every time I drive by the property because I have observed it deteriorating. I feel sad about all of the public money that went into the project that came to nothing.”

Dade Heritage Trust, a preservation group that loaned Green and Martinez money for the renovation, “never got a penny back,” said executive director Becky Roper Matkov.

“So much effort went into that, it’s such a shame,” Matkov said.

Simmons said he and his wife still dream about reopening Anderson’s Corner, but they were never able to secure financing for what he estimates would be a $500,000 restoration job. The couple, who live on a farm down the road, also had triplets since buying the historic property, limiting their time to focus on restoration or maintenance of the building.

Simmons said he would sell the property, but his wife, who grew up in South Miami-Dade, won’t hear of it.

“I had some great offers, but my wife said no,” Simmons said. “I would sell it today.”


Meanwhile, the building continues to deteriorate. Customers from a cantina next door litter the property with beer cans and bottles, Simmons complains. He believes cantina customers are responsible for some of the vandalism.

The cantina owner, for his part, says he believes the historic building is an eyesore and would like to see it gone.

“It has no value,” said the owner, Edelmiro Iglesias. “It has no floor and holes everywhere. It’s just going to fall down by itself.”

At least one neighbor thinks the vandalism may be deliberate, noting the historic property is one of a fewin the Redland with commercial zoning — thus potentially a target for someone hoping to cash in by building new retail.

“Piece by piece, it has been disappearing. Every day a piece goes missing. Almost as if it was being dismantled,” said John Green (no relation to the former owner), who has a small farm nearby. “It’s almost a sin to see this old edifice taken apart.”

Basu, the county planning official, said he believes there’s hope for saving Anderson’s Corner, which he believes would make a “wonderful” bed and breakfast. His agency is now drafting an ordinance to permit such lodging in the Redland.

But he concedes that the case underscores the difficulty in enforcing preservation laws. He hopes enforcement will stave off the building’s deterioration by ensuring that it is secured and, if necessary, shored up. But forcing actual renovation is well beyond the scope of the ordinance, and he acknowledges that the fine amount is “weak.”

“If someone is not cooperating, it can become a nightmare,” Basu said. “You can force them to do something immediate, but if they’re not into it, you eventually go back to where you started.”

© 2009 Miami Herald Media Company. All Rights Reserved.

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